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Posts Tagged ‘experiment’

ATLAS Results: One Higgs Or Two?

December 14th, 2012 12:16 admin View Comments

Science

TaeKwonDood writes with news from CERN about more results in the search for the Higgs Boson, this time from the ATLAS experiment. Researchers report peaks in the data in accordance with what they’d expect from the Higgs. The curiosity is that the peaks are a couple GeV away from each other. “The ATLAS analyses in these channels return the best fit Higgs masses that differ by more than 3 GeV: 123.5 GeV for ZZ and 126.6 GeV for gamma-gamma, which is much more than the estimated resolution of about 1 GeV. The tension between these 2 results is estimated to be 2.7sigma. Apparently, ATLAS used this last month to search for the systematic errors that might be responsible for the discrepancy but, having found nothing, they decided to go public.” Scientific American has a more layman-friendly explanation available. As this work undergoes review, physicists hope more eyes and more data will shed some light on this incongruity. Tommaso Dorigo, a particle physicist working at the CMS experiment at CERN, writes, “Another idea is that the gamma-gamma signal contains some unexpected background which somehow shifts the best-fit mass to higher values, also contributing to the anomalously high signal rate. However, this also does not hold much water — if you look at the various mass histograms produced by ATLAS (there is a bunch here) you do not see anything striking as suspicious in the background distributions. Then there is the possibility of a statistical fluctuation. I think this is the most likely explanation.” Matt Strassler provides a broader update to the work proceeding on nailing down the Higgs boson.

Source: ATLAS Results: One Higgs Or Two?

Particle Physicists Confirm Arrow of Time Using B Meson Measurements

November 19th, 2012 11:50 admin View Comments

Science

ananyo writes with bad news for John Titor. From the article: “Four years after its closure, researchers working with data from the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center’s particle physics experiment BaBar have used the data to make the first direct measurement confirming that time does not run the same forwards as backwards — at least for the B mesons that the experiment produced during its heyday. The application of quantum mechanics to fundamental particles rests on a symmetry known as CPT, for charge-parity-time, which states that fundamental processes remain unchanged when particles are replaced by their antimatter counterparts (C), left and right are reversed (P), and time runs in the reverse direction (T). Violations of C and P alone were first seen in radioactive decays in the 1950s, and BaBar was used to confirm violations of CP in B meson decays in 2001. To keep CPT intact, that implies that time reversal is also violated, but finding ways to compare processes running forward and backward in time has proven tricky. Theoretical physicists at the Universityof Valencia in Spain worked with researchers on BaBar to exploit the fact that the experiment had generated entangled quantum states of the meson Bzero and its antimatter counterpart Bzero-bar, which then evolved through several different decay chains. By comparing the rates of decay in chains in which one type of decay happened before another, with others in which the order was reversed, the researchers were able to compare processes that were effectively time reversed version of each other. They report in Physical Review Letters today that they see a violation of time reversal at an extremely high level of statistical significance.”

Source: Particle Physicists Confirm Arrow of Time Using B Meson Measurements

Are Teachers Headed For Obsolescence?

October 29th, 2012 10:35 admin View Comments

Education

dstates writes “One Laptop Per Child reports encouraging results of a bold experiment to reach the millions of students worldwide who have no access to primary school. OLPC delivered tablets to two Ethiopian villages in unmarked boxes without instructions or instructors. Within minutes the kids were opening the boxes and figuring out how to use the Motorola Zoom tablets, within days they were playing alphabet songs and withing a few months how to hack the user interface to enable blocked camera functionality. With the Kahn Academy and others at the high school level and massive open online courses at the college level, are teachers going the way of the Dodo?”

Source: Are Teachers Headed For Obsolescence?

CONTEST: We Want You To Send an Experiment to Space. We’ll Give You $1500 To Do It.

June 21st, 2012 06:44 admin View Comments
Categories: 80beats Tags: , , , ,

Fly Your Own Experiment In Space

June 15th, 2012 06:20 admin View Comments

Space

An anonymous reader writes “Want to fly your own experiment in space? dvice are reporting on a project called Ardusat — a satellite based (unsurprisingly perhaps, given the name) on Arduinos. For $500 you can upload your own code to the satellite, and run your own experiment for 1 week. Experimenters will have access to a veritable battery of 25 sensors including magnetometer, geiger counter, accelerometer, gas sensors and various others. As well as allowing for affordable space science, this sounds like it would be awesome for educational institutes.”

Source: Fly Your Own Experiment In Space

Publicly Funded GMO Research Facing Destruction In Italy

June 10th, 2012 06:27 admin View Comments

Biotech

ChromeAeonium writes “Shortly after the events in Rothamsted Research in the UK, where a publicly funded trial of wheat genetically engineered to repel aphids was threatened by activists with destruction and required police protection, another publicly funded experiment involving genetically engineered crops faces possible destruction (original in Italian). The trial, which is being conducted by researchers at the University of Tuscia in Italy on cherries, olives, and kiwis genetically engineered to have traits such as fungal disease resistance, started three decades ago. When field research of GE plants was banned in Italy in 2002, the trial received an extension to avoid being declared illegal, but was denied another in 2008, and following a complaint from the Genetic Rights Foundation, now faces destruction on June 12th, despite appeals from scientists. The researchers claim that the destruction is scientifically unjustifiable (only the male kiwis produce transgenic pollen and their flowers are removed) and wish to gather more information from the long running experiment.”

Source: Publicly Funded GMO Research Facing Destruction In Italy

Mozilla’s Open Source Project Shumway To Translate SWF To HTML5

June 5th, 2012 06:31 admin View Comments

Graphics

An anonymous reader writes “Mozilla currently has an experimental project on github called Shumway to try to interpret SWF (aka Flash files) using browser-standard technologies like HTML5 and JavaScript. All I can say is please and thank you! ‘Shumway is an HTML5 technology experiment that explores building a faithful and efficient renderer for the SWF file format without native code assistance. Shumway is community-driven and supported by Mozilla. Our goal is to create a general-purpose, web standards-based platform for parsing and rendering SWFs. Integration with Firefox is a possibility if the experiment proves successful.’” It’s not the first such attempt; here’s a post from a few years back about one called Smokescreen, and another about QuickTime programmer Steve Perlman’s subscription-based workaround for iDevices.

Source: Mozilla’s Open Source Project Shumway To Translate SWF To HTML5

Microsoft Tests Social Search Waters With ‘so.cl’ Network

May 22nd, 2012 05:53 admin View Comments

Microsoft

benfrog writes “Microsoft just quietly launched so.cl in an experiment to more closely unite web searches and social networking. It’s not intended as a stand-alone social network — users can log in with Facebook or Windows Live IDs, and it will share your searches publicly by default. “As students work together, they often search for the same items, and discover new shared interests by sharing links. We see this trend today on many social networks, such as Twitter, where shared links spread virally and amplify popular content. So.cl experiments with this concept by automatically sharing links as you search.” They’ve also (wisely?) put Bing Search at the center of the site.”

Source: Microsoft Tests Social Search Waters With ‘so.cl’ Network

Ask Slashdot: What If Intellectual Property Expired After Five Years?

May 16th, 2012 05:27 admin View Comments

Businesses

New submitter ancientt writes “As a thought experiment, what if the constitution of the U.S. was amended so that no idea (with exceptions only for government use, like currency) could be protected from copy or use beyond January 1, 2035 for more than a five-year period. After a five-year span, any patent, software license, copyright, software NDA or other intellectual property agreement would expire. (This is not an entirely new idea, but would have had significant recent ramifications if it had been enacted in the past.) Specific terms are up for debate, but in this experiment businesses must have time to try to adjust to sell services and make the services good enough to compete with other businesses offering the same basic products. Microsoft can sell a five-year-old variant of OSX, Apple can sell Windows 2030. Cars, computers and phones would, or at least could, still be made, but manufacturers would be free to use any technology more than five years old or license new technology for a five-year competitive edge. Movie, TV and book budgets would have to adjust to the potential five-year profit span, although staggered episode or chapter releases would be legal. Play ‘What if’ with me. What would be the downsides? What would be the upsides?”

Source: Ask Slashdot: What If Intellectual Property Expired After Five Years?

Quantum Experiment Shows Effect Before Cause

April 24th, 2012 04:32 admin View Comments

Science

steveb3210 writes “Physicists have demonstrated that making a decision about whether or not to entangle two photons can be made after you’ve already measured the states of the photons.” Here’s the article’s description of the experiment: ‘Two independent sources (labeled I and II) produce pairs of photons such that their polarization states are entangled. One photon from I goes to Alice, while one photon from II is sent to Bob. The second photon from each source goes to Victor. Alice and Bob independently perform polarization measurements; no communication passes between them during the experiment—they set the orientation of their polarization filters without knowing what the other is doing. At some time after Alice and Bob perform their measurements, Victor makes a choice (the “delayed choice” in the name). He either allows his two photons from I and II to travel on without doing anything, or he combines them so that their polarization states are entangled. A final measurement determines the polarization state of those two photons. … Ma et al. found to a high degree of confidence that when Victor selected entanglement, Alice and Bob found correlated photon polarizations. This didn’t happen when Victor left the photons alone.’

Source: Quantum Experiment Shows Effect Before Cause

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