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Posts Tagged ‘Blood’

Panda Blood May Hold Potent Assailant Against Superbugs

December 31st, 2012 12:27 admin View Comments

Medicine

An anonymous reader writes “Pandas have long been the face of conservation efforts by environmental activists, but a recent finding may boost even further the need for pandas to evade extinction. Researchers have discovered a powerful antibody in panda blood that could serve as the next frontier in the fight against increasingly prevalent superbugs. The compound is called cathelicin-AM. Discovered when researchers analyzed the creatures’ DNA, it has been found to kill fungus and bacteria. It is believed that the antibiotic is released to protect the animal from infections in the wild and, in studies, it has been found to kill both standard and drug-resistant strains of microbes and fungi. The compound also worked extremely quickly, killing off strains of bacteria in just an hour, while conventional antibiotics needed six.”

Source: Panda Blood May Hold Potent Assailant Against Superbugs

Drone Photos Lead to Indictment For Texas Polluters

December 28th, 2012 12:01 admin View Comments

Earth

In January of this year, we posted news of a major pollution site in Texas that was the subject of some anonymous amateur sleuths with drones, who used their UAVs to document the release of a “river of blood” (pig blood, that is) into the Trinity River as it flows through Dallas. Now, garymortimer writes, that documentation has resulted in legal action in the form of an indictment from a Dallas grand jury. “The story went viral and continues to receive hits nearly a year later. I believe this is the first environmental crime to be prosecuted on the basis of UA evidence. Authorities had to act because of the attention the story was receiving.”

Source: Drone Photos Lead to Indictment For Texas Polluters

A Blood Test That Screens For Cancer

November 30th, 2012 11:01 admin View Comments

Medicine

sciencehabit writes “People usually find out that they have cancer after developing symptoms or through a screening test such as a mammogram—signs that may appear only after the cancer has grown or spread so much that it can’t be cured. But what if you could find out from a simple, highly accurate blood test that you had an incipient tumor? By sequencing the abnormal DNA that a tumor releases into a person’s bloodstream, researchers are now one step closer to a universal cancer test?. Although the technique is now only sensitive enough to detect advanced cancers, that may be a matter of money: As sequencing costs decrease, the developers of the method say, the test could eventually pick up early tumors as well.”

Source: A Blood Test That Screens For Cancer

Why Don’t Camels Have Diabetes or High Blood Pressure?

November 14th, 2012 11:57 admin View Comments

Look At This: The Blood-Brain Barrier, Little Lynx Spiders, and the Fruit Fly Eye, Magnified

October 25th, 2012 10:41 admin View Comments

Blood From Youthful Mice Makes Codgers Sharper on Cognitive Tasks

October 23rd, 2012 10:29 admin View Comments

NASA Prepares For Space Surgery and Zero Gravity Blood

October 7th, 2012 10:32 admin View Comments

Medicine

Hugh Pickens writes “Draining an infected abscess is a straightforward procedure on Earth but on a spaceship travelling to the moon or Mars, it could kill everyone on board. Now Rebecca Rosen writes that if humans are to one day go to Mars, one logistical hurdle that will need to be overcome is what to do if one of the crew members has a medical emergency and needs surgery. ‘Based on statistical probability, there is a high likelihood of trauma or a medical emergency on a deep space mission,’ says Carnegie Mellon professor James Antaki. It’s not just a matter of whether you’ll have the expertise on board to carry out such a task: Surgery in zero gravity presents its own set of potentially deadly complications because in zero gravity, blood and bodily fluids will not just stay put, in the body where they belong but could contaminate the entire cabin, threatening everybody on board. This week, NASA is testing a device known as the Aqueous Immersion Surgical System (AISS) that could possibly make space surgery possible. Designed by researchers at Carnegie Mellon and the University of Louisville, AISS is a domed box that can fit over a wound. When filled with a sterile saline solution, a water-tight seal is created that prevents fluids from escaping. It can also be used to collect blood for possible reuse.”

Source: NASA Prepares For Space Surgery and Zero Gravity Blood

No More Needles! Blood Cells Can Become Internal Sensors

August 21st, 2012 08:19 admin View Comments

Blood Cells Converted Into Chemical Sensors

August 20th, 2012 08:15 admin View Comments

Biotech

ananyo writes “Chemists have turned red blood cells into long lived sensors that could be put back into circulation to monitor the make up of patients’ blood in real time. Many patients require monitoring of their blood, such as diabetics. But extracting blood is both invasive and provides only a one-off measurement. At the American Chemical Society meeting in Philadelphia, Xiaole Shao explained how her team have built sensors that may one day allow both non-invasive and long-term monitoring of crucial aspects of blood chemistry. Shao, a chemist at the University of Missouri-Columbia, and her colleagues exploited the fact that near infra-red light will penetrate through skin. This means it can trigger florescent molecules that are circulating in the blood, and this florescence can be picked up by an external monitoring device. If the molecule’s florescence changes in response to chemical conditions, these changes can also be detected, and you have a sensor. But florescent dyes can be toxic, and they don’t last long in the body, as they are quickly filtered out. To avoid the problem, the researchers encapsulated the sensors in red blood cells. The team next plan to inject the sensors into rats.”

Source: Blood Cells Converted Into Chemical Sensors

Candy Coating Inspires Lab-Grown Blood Vessels

July 2nd, 2012 07:25 admin View Comments

Medicine

sciencehabit writes “Scientists have developed a water-soluble carbohydrate glass based on a decoration used on cakes and lollipops. The material can be cast into a variety of shapes, is completely nontoxic, and, when it has done its job, will dissolve naturally in the moist environment of lab-grown tissue, leaving behind spaces that can carry blood to cells. The advance solves one of the major problems of growing new organs in the laboratory.”

Source: Candy Coating Inspires Lab-Grown Blood Vessels

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